Those Who Left

Perhaps no category of the choices confronting draft eligible men was more fraught with confusion and uncertainty than the decision to leave the country. This decision had far-reaching consequences since it required one to not only become a fugitive from American justice in violation of the Selective Service System’s laws, but it also necessitated leaving behind one’s support system – those family and friends who in many cases offered the primary connections in the most trying of times and the community within which one had become a man. Not only that, but with the war raging and many Americans seeing those who left as disloyal, deserters, or cowards, the idea of returning home either any time soon or ever was filled with doubt. In addition, once landed immigrant status was gained many had to make other very difficult choices regarding renouncing one’s American citizenship and then becoming a citizen of Canada. These decisions would obviously potentially reverberate throughout one’s life. At a time, a desperate time for many, when a person most needs community, there was also the question of how one would be treated by the Canadians into whose community one has relocated. Would there be enough jobs for the new immigrants so as not to be perceived as taking employment from the locals? Would Canadians’ attitudes toward the war and toward America result in a welcome mat or hostility? Yes, there was safety across the border, but there were enormous trade-offs not the least of which was never knowing if returning would be possible. Tim O’Brien in THE THINGS THEY CARRIED tells the story of a man who came within 12 feet of making this choice and it is a soul-searching as well as gut-wrenching tale. His character fails to leave the country, not because of a failure to see the choice clearly and feel O.K. about it, but rather, in his own mind and heart, as a failure of courage – that choosing to fight in a war he totally disdained was less difficult at that moment of decision than leaving for a life of uncertainty in a country that was not his own.

There is some controversy as to whether those who left the country as a means of dealing with the draft should be classified as expatriates or exiles. The denotative difference has to do with choice – expatriates are individuals who have chosen to live in another country and exiles are those who have been forced to leave their homeland. During Vietnam these differences were obscured and became a function of one’s perception of the level of threat as well as one’s personal moral code. In other words, is a man an expatriate or an exile if what is driving his decision to leave America is a clear sense that to remain in the country during the Vietnam War, facing the certainty of conscription as so many did, would not only put his life at risk, but would require him to kill others? Such a conundrum is obviously far more complicated than the decision to leave the country for economic, social or political considerations. In the case of deserters these alternatives – serving and killing or fleeing – had already been experienced.

Regardless of how those who left are classified, most of those who were draft resisters chose to settle in either Canada or Scandinavia. More than 50,000 draft-age American men and women migrated to Canada alone during the Vietnam War, the largest political exodus from the United States since the United Empire Loyalists traveled north during the American Revolutionary War. Deserters, on the other hand, mostly sought refuge in Europe. A community was established in Sweden in 1967 when four disaffected servicemen off the aircraft carrier Intrepid were granted asylum. When these men, who were often accompanied or later joined by the women in their lives, made the decision to either resist or desert, they realized that there was a great likelihood that they would never be able to return without being arrested for violating American law. It was not until 1977, after many attempts by numerous peace groups, that amnesty was granted to resisters. It was never offered to deserters.
It was largely middle class youth who made the decision to leave during the ‘60’s. Their reasons touched upon a broad array of issues involving the government and its role in pursuing a war that was highly questionable as well as a culture that put forth materialistic values. Nevertheless, it was the draft and its demand for more and more men that drove the great majority to cross the border. It was not until the draft ended in 1972 that the flow of resisters began to diminish. Military deserters in exile were far less likely to come from the middle class. Most of their number were lower class volunteers who had enlisted in the military for financial reasons and either left the ranks as transfer to Vietnam loomed or after having already done time there and experienced tremendous difficulty continuing to participate.
Controversy continues as to what truly motivated those who chose to depart from America. John Hagan in his well-received 2001 book, NORTHERN PASSAGE: American War Resisters in Canada, writes that, “The evidence presented in this book, indicates that the decision of American war resisters to come to Canada was, in political-process terms, a rational and productive response to the opportunity that immigration to Canada provided.” In a review of the book, however, Frank Reed, writing for BOOKS IN CANADA had this to say: “The decision was, I submit, far more than that (Hagan’s preceding view). Ill-articulated at first, increasingly clear over time, was the conviction among American war resisters that their country’s involvement in Vietnam was nothing less than a criminal enterprise from which they were prohibited in participating by their conscience, and by the provisions of the Nuremburg Tribunal.” It is worth mentioning that both of these men were draft resisters who made a new life in Canada. Reed takes his analysis one step further, bringing it 35 years forward when he writes, “The issues of conscience raised by the migration of tens of thousands of Americans to Canada may return to the public agenda in the chilling climate of George W. Bush’s endless war on terrorism.”
Another view on what was behind the decision to emigrate is presented in All American Boys: Draft Dodgers in Canada from the Vietnam War by Frank Kusch. His unique study argues that, “The draft dodgers who went to Canada during the Vietnam War were not always the anti-war radicals portrayed in popular culture. Many were the products of stable, conservative, middle class homes who were more interested in furthering their education and careers than fighting in Southeast Asia. The conflict in Vietnam was just one cause among many for their deep sense of disaffection from the land of their birth. These exiles remained quintessentially American, because evading the draft was, in their opinion, consistent with the very best American traditions of individualism and resistance to undue authority or state servitude.”

Tom Weiner

Tom is the author of CALLED TO SERVE: THE STORIES OF THE MEN AND WOMEN AFFECTED BY THE VIETNAM DRAFT and of this blog. He is a sixth grade teacher at the Smith College Campus School where he has been working for 31 years. He and his wife, Susan, have two children, ages 19 and 16 and he has two children from a former marriage, ages 36 and 32 as well as a grandson, age 8 months. He is actively involved in civil rights work in the local public schools and at the college.

There were 4 or 5 of us driving through downtown Hartford in 1969 listening to the radio. I can’t remember if we planned much of what was happening, but it was happening and I remember the tension and the intensity of the experience vividly. The radio was tuned to a station that was covering the first Vietnam War draft lottery and all of us in the car were listening for our birthdays to be called in the fervent hope that we would not be in the first 180 or so numbers since we had been told that only those above approximately 180 would be safe from the draft and what it might mean. As each birthday was called the anxiety within us increased. One of the riders was chosen in the first 30 and, if memory serves, I was next at 114. From the moment I found out I was within the range of those to be drafted, my life changed.

It wasn’t that I hadn’t been thinking about the draft already. The war and all it betokened for our country and personally had been on my mind and the minds of virtually everyone with whom I was at Trinity College for years. Whether it was hearing the latest horror stories or witnessing the shell of a man who came back to school after a clearly traumatic stint in ‘Nam; whether it was participating in yet another demonstration or having an argument with a fellow student in ROTC about whether the war was legitimate let alone effective, the late ‘60’s was more about Vietnam than it was about any and everything else – school, civil rights, rock music, drugs and, that upcoming summer, Woodstock and the moon.

So when the number landed on me I realized that the reality of the possibility of my having to choose whether to participate in this war or not was also upon me. Yes, I had until graduation in ’71 to prepare myself and yes, I had all the advantages that being white, middle class, Jewish and in college could possibly afford. Already I was realizing that my circumstances gave me access to the kind of support system – draft counseling, doctors, information about c.o. applications, family – that many others with similar and even lower numbers did not have. I also sensed that this was part of the plan – that those so united against the war would now be divided by their draft status and those facing the draft would have more personal incentive to protest than those who were now basically exempt. But mostly I remember being scared in a different way than I had ever felt before. That it loomed in the distance that fateful night did not make it any less real.

I did make serious preparations for what was more and more clearly going to happen as graduation approached. I filed a c.o. application with the support of a draft counselor. I gathered numerous letters from doctors – a back injury, an allergist, calcium deposits on my feet, a shrink – all the possible escape hatches money could buy so I would arrive when called with an armada of potential ways out. All of us in a similar boat had also first listened to and then watched “Alice’s Restaurant”, where Arlo Guthrie sang and subsequently portrayed a man confronting his draft board and resorting to temporary insanity to flunk his physical. It was, in other words, deep into the culture by the time I received my notification that I needed to report within a week of graduation to my draft board in Newark, N.J. As Arlo sang:

And the only reason I’m singing you this song now is cause you may know somebody in a similar situation, or you may be in a similar situation, and if your in a situation like that there’s only one thing you can do and that’s walk into the shrink wherever you are ,just walk in say “Shrink, You can get anything you want, at Alice’s restaurant.”. And walk out. You know, if one person, just one person does it they may think he’s really sick and they won’t take him. And if two people, two people do it, in harmony, they may think they’re both faggots and they won’t take either of them. And three people do it, three, can you imagine, three people walking in singin’ a bar of Alice’s Restaurant and walking out. They may think it’s an organization. And can you, can you imagine fifty people a day, I said fifty people a day walking in singin a bar of Alice’s Restaurant and
walking out. And friends they may thinks it’s a movement.
And that’s what it is, the Alice’s Restaurant Anti-Massacre
Movement.”

With all of this preparation was I ready for what happened next? Not at all. I arrived in Newark feeling as anxious as I had ever felt about anything in my life. Although I had numerous possible causes for failing the physical, I was completely unprepared for being one of the only white people in the room knowing at that moment beyond doubt’s shadow that if I was successful in avoiding serving my country in a war I believed was unjust, then someone, someone very possibly who was black, was going instead of me. My succeeding in not going did not mean one less person was required. It simply meant that someone else would take my place. I remembered studying the Civil War and learning how those who could afford it were able to pay someone to take their place. Was this different? I was frightened and very confused.

And then there was the actual examination. It turned out that none of my physical ailments, though well documented, provided any exits. Once I had passed that component, however, I got to see an army shrink alluded to by Arlo above since I had a letter from the school counselor at Trinity telling about my needing therapy while a student there. What happened next, though etched in my memory, must be one of the briefest interviews in draft board history. I was asked two questions by a man sitting behind a desk. First – “Have you ever smoked marijuana?” to which I answered in the affirmative. Second and last – “Have you ever had any suicidal fantasies?” to which I again responded yes. That was it. He leaned over the paper I brought in to him and wrote very few words, called me over to the desk and handed it to me. I glanced down and to my great relief I saw the designation 1-Y, which I knew meant I was out, but right beside it I saw the words “Drug Abuse”. It was 1971 and, with the well-documented information about drug abuse in the military that has been revealed since that time, it is retrospectively much less of a surprise to discover that what I had revealed in those two very brief responses was sufficient to result in my new status. Fears about drug addicted soldiers further complicating an already major quagmire of a war were certainly enough to cause such cogs in the system as the psychiatrist who interviewed me to toss me out of the pile, knowing full well more cannon fodder waited outside his door. A recent article by Peter Beinart in The New Republic discusses this reality from the perspective of both then and now:

In 1975, James Fallows wrote a famous essay for The Washington Monthly titled, “What Did You Do in the Class War, Daddy?” In it, he recounted taking a bus to the Boston Navy Yard with other Harvard students drafted to serve in Vietnam. Soon after, another bus pulled up, this one filled with draftees from the working-class town of Chelsea. The Harvard students brought medical records carefully manipulated to show they were unfit to serve — and roughly 80 percent returned to campus “as free individuals, liberated and victorious.” The draftees from Chelsea, by contrast, “walked through the examination lines like so many cattle off to the slaughter.” Fallows remembers the moment the military doctor wrote “unqualified” on his folder. “I was overcome by a wave of relief, which for the first time revealed to me how great my terror had been, and by the beginning of the sense of shame which remains with me to this day.”

Fallows’s essay is a withering indictment of the generational elite to which he belonged. His peers, he argues, took the easy way out — neither serving nor accepting jail as a consequence of their refusal to serve — and thus never applied the political pressure that might have forced an early end to the war. But, harsh as the essay is, it still feels, by current standards, a little quaint. Shame? In the elite America in which I grew up, the military was a distant, self-contained world — populated by other Americans — with no conceivable claim on me. And now those other Americans, some my age, are dying halfway across the globe. I may feel sad, even angry, but how can I feel shame when no one ever suggested it should be any different? What did you do in the terror war, daddy? I fear my own answer, in its way, will be even worse.

So I was out, which was clearly my goal, but not only was I conscious of my place being taken by another, I also was now afraid of the damage I might have caused to my future prospects of further schooling and/or employment with this new designation as a drug abuser. Upon returning to my home in Teaneck, N.J. where I was temporarily staying while my status was clarified, I called my draft counselor and received his words, which were to become my mantra over the next several years. When I told him the Newark story and shared my concerns about having the words “Drug Abuse” follow me as albatross-esque scarlet letters, he said, “Don’t worry. You’ll be a hero someday soon.”

I never felt like or became a hero. That’s not what I wanted. He was correct that I didn’t need to worry, though. As the war wound on and it became ever clearer that our country would never succeed in either selling the war to its people or winning, my status became a non-issue and it has remained so until this day. But now it feels important to tell the story. Over the years I have heard so many stories of how the draft and the lottery took various tolls on folks’ lives, stories that I wasn’t reading anywhere. As those of us who were directly affected have begun to hit a pass through middle age, it became clear to me that if nobody ever wrote these memories down, they would pass from currency. Those who beat the draft because their number was above those called; those whose sagas included being called and somehow, like me, getting out; those who served and who did or did not come back – all those stories need to be told and chronicled.

As the years have passed since it became as clear to me as it still is that a book resided herein, I was not quite ready to begin the process, but little did I know that when I did finally start this project, the U.S. would be engaged in yet another extremely controversial war. It has been 35 years since that day in December of 1969 that the first lottery was held and, much to the bewilderment and distress of many, there is much talk of another draft to provide troops for the on-going conflict in Iraq and the war against terrorism. Here is the proposed legislation:

$28 million has been added to the 2004 Selective Service System SSS budget
to prepare for a military draft that could start as early as June 15, 2005.
SSS must report to Bush on March 31, 2005 that the system, which has lain
dormant for decades, is ready for activation. Please see website:
www.sss.gov/perfplan_fy2004.html. to view the
SSS Annual Performance Plan – Fiscal Year 2004.

The Pentagon has begun a public campaign to fill all 10,350 draft
board positions and 11,070 appeals board slots nationwide. Though this is
an unpopular election year topic, military experts and influential members
of Congress are suggesting that if Rumsfeld’s prediction of a “long, hard
slog” in Iraq and Afghanistan [and a permanent state of war on terrorism”]
proves accurate, the U.S. may have no choice but to draft.

Congress brought twin bills, S. 89 and H.R. 163 forward this year, entitled
the Universal National Service Act of 2003,”To provide for the common
defense by requiring that all young persons [age18–26] in the United States,
including women, perform a period of military service or a period of
civilian service in furtherance of the national defense and homeland
security, and for other purposes.” These active bills currently sit in the Committee on Armed Services.
College and Canada will not be options. In December 2001, Canada and the US signed a “Smart Border Declaration,”
Signed by Canada’s Minister of Foreign Affairs,
John Manley, and US Homeland Security Director, Gov. Tom Ridge, the
declaration involves a 30-point plan which implements, among other things, a
pre-clearance agreement” of people entering and departing each country.
Reforms aimed at making the draft more equitable along gender and class
lines also eliminate higher education as a shelter. Underclassmen would
only be able to postpone service until the end of their current semester.
Seniors would have until the end of the academic year.

It thus feels even more urgent to tell the stories of how the last draft had a devastating effect on our country. Both its inescapable failures and its so-called successes in filling quotas need to be examined. In addition, simply re-telling the stories of the men and women whose lives were disrupted in a wide variety of ways will hopefully serve as cautionary tales as we proceed inexorably towards reinstating the draft outlined above. With an election this fall, both candidates will have to pay attention to this remark as well: “The draft issue is a huge concern — I have a teenage son,” Susan Wood, 43, an undecided voter interviewed in Columbus, Ohio. Yes, we are not there yet, but will recruitment serve its role sufficiently to avoid bringing this new version of the draft back? Monica Davey wrote the following on June 14, 2004 in a N.Y. Times article entitled, “Recruiters Try New Tactics to Sell Wartime Army”:

But the world of recruiting has shifted significantly. Gone, recruiters here say, are the people looking mainly for easy cash to pay for college. Gone also, they say, are those who covet signing bonuses of up to $20,000 but hope to never leave their base. And gone are those who think enlisting in the Reserve or the National Guard will mean a few weekends training in a park.
The war in Iraq has changed the implications of signing up, and these potential soldiers’ families, especially some who came of age during the Vietnam War, have tougher questions when recruiters call — or do not want to hear the pitch at all.

“Parents will tell us all the time that `Johnny’s not joining!’ and just hang up on us,” said Sgt. First Class John J. Stover, who says he has “put in” some 35 soldiers in his two years as a recruiter at the station in Topeka. “The difference,” Sergeant Stover said, “is that no one has ever recruited during a sustained war.”
“There’s no doubt that the dynamic is changing,” he said. “Certain groups of people are no longer easy to recruit. I guess people who are afraid are less easy to recruit. Nobody nowadays can say: ‘Oh, I just came in for the college money. I never expected to get called up.’ ”

Even in wartime, Captain Hinckley said, the Army has not lowered its standards. All recruits must take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery examination, a standardized test like the SAT; a physical test; and a criminal background check. They must not have tattoos that show outside their uniform. Drug use is barred.

There it is again. What got me out. But someone else went, maybe died or experienced the nightmare of being “in country” and the PTSD that kept the war horrifying alive in one’s mind years after it ended. The draft enabled the war to continue unabated. Perhaps this time, with the cautionary tales herein contained, those of us who remember the last war and its draft, along with the many who oppose this one, will prevent another from occurring…

~ Tom Weiner

Draft Classifications during the Vietnam War

Draft Board Classifications
The following is a list of Selective Service classifications
that could be assigned by draft boards:

I-A
Available for military service

I-A-0
Conscientious objector available for noncombatant military service only

I-C
Member of the armed forces of the U.S., the Coast and Geodetic Survey, or the Public Health Service

I-D
Member of reserve component or student taking military training

I-H
Registrant not currently subject to processing for induction

I-0
Conscientious objector available for civilian work contributing to the maintenance of the national health, safety, or interest

I-S
Student deferred by statute (High School)

I-Y
Registrant available for military service, but qualified for military only in the event of war or national emergency

I-W
Conscientious objector performing civilian work
contributing to the maintenance of the national health, safety, or interest

II-A
Registrant deferred because of civilian occupation (except agriculture or activity in study)

II-C
Registrant deferred because of agricultural occupation

II-D
Registrant deferred because of study preparing for the ministry

II-S
Registrant deferred because of activity in study

III-A
Registrant with a child or children; registrant deferred by reason of extreme hardship to dependents

IV-A
Registrant who has completed service; sole surviving son

IV-B
Official deferred by law

IV-C
Alien

IV-D
Minister of religion or divinity student

IV-F
Registrant not qualified for any military service

IV-G
Registrant exempt from service during peace (surviving son or brother)

IV-W
Conscientious objector who has completed alternate service contributing to the maintenance of the national health, safety, or interest in lieu of induction into the Armed Forces of the United States

V-A
Registrant over the age of liability for military service
…a further note from an email in May 2002:
“I noticed that my draft classification was not listed on your site’s list of draft board classification – 1SC. It meant that you had exactly six months to get your affairs in order before you would be drafted.
I was 2S until February 1966 when I received my draft notice to report for induction. After talking with my draft board they let me finish my school semester then drafted me. During that period I was issued a draft card with the 1SC designation.
In July of 1966 I was drafted into the US Army. Regards, Tom Olsen, Pvt, USCDCEC, 1966-1968”

Our appreciation goes out to the “Beachmaster” for sending additional codes for our original list from his copy of ‘SSS Form 110’ dated August 11, 1972.  See his additions above under classifications: 1H, 2D, 4G, and 4W.

The Results of the First Draft Lottery, Dec. 1, 1969

RESULTS OF THE FIRST VIETNAM WAR DRAFT LOTTERY HELD DECEMBER 1, 1969

The highest number drafted in this group of men was 195.

Jan 1    305     Feb 1    86         Mar 1    108
Jan 2    159     Feb 2    144     Mar 2    29
Jan 3    251     Feb 3    297     Mar 3    267
Jan 4    215     Feb 4    210     Mar 4    275
Jan 5    101     Feb 5    214     Mar 5    293
Jan 6    224     Feb 6    347     Mar 6    139
Jan 7    306     Feb 7    91         Mar 7    122
Jan 8    199     Feb 8    181     Mar 8    213
Jan 9    194     Feb 9    338     Mar 9    317
Jan 10   325     Feb 10   216     Mar 10   323
Jan 11   329     Feb 11   150     Mar 11   136
Jan 12   221     Feb 12   68     Mar 12   300
Jan 13   318     Feb 13   152     Mar 13   259
Jan 14   238     Feb 14   4         Mar 14   354
Jan 15   17        Feb 15   89        Mar 15   169
Jan 16   121     Feb 16   212     Mar 16   166
Jan 17   235     Feb 17   189     Mar 17   33
Jan 18   140     Feb 18   292     Mar 18   332
Jan 19   58     Feb 19   25     Mar 19   200
Jan 20   280     Feb 20   302     Mar 20   239
Jan 21   186     Feb 21   363     Mar 21   334
Jan 22   337     Feb 22   290     Mar 22   265
Jan 23   118     Feb 23   57     Mar 23   256
Jan 24   59     Feb 24   236     Mar 24   258
Jan 25   52     Feb 25   179     Mar 25   343
Jan 26   92     Feb 26   365     Mar 26   170
Jan 27   355     Feb 27   205     Mar 27   268
Jan 28   77     Feb 28   299     Mar 28   223
Jan 29   349     Feb 29   285     Mar 29   362
Jan 30   164                   Mar 30   217
Jan 31   211                   Mar 31   30

Apr 1    32         May 1    330     Jun 1    249
Apr 2    271     May 2    298     Jun 2    228
Apr 3    83         May 3    40     Jun 3    301
Apr 4    81         May 4    276     Jun 4    20
Apr 5    269     May 5    364     Jun 5    28
Apr 6    253     May 6    155     Jun 6    110
Apr 7    147     May 7    35     Jun 7    85
Apr 8    312     May 8    321     Jun 8    366
Apr 9    219     May 9    197     Jun 9    335
Apr 10   218     May 10   65     Jun 10   206
Apr 11   14     May 11   37     Jun 11   134
Apr 12   346     May 12   133     Jun 12   272
Apr 13   124     May 13   295     Jun 13   69
Apr 14   231     May 14   178     Jun 14   356
Apr 15   273        May 15   130     Jun 15   180
Apr 16   148     May 16   55     Jun 16   274
Apr 17   260     May 17   112     Jun 17   73
Apr 18   90     May 18   278     Jun 18   341
Apr 19   336     May 19   75     Jun 19   104
Apr 20   345     May 20   183     Jun 20   360
Apr 21   62     May 21   250     Jun 21   60
Apr 22   316     May 22   326     Jun 22   247
Apr 23   252     May 23   319     Jun 23   109
Apr 24   2         May 24   31     Jun 24   358
Apr 25   351     May 25   361     Jun 25   137
Apr 26   340     May 26   357     Jun 26   22
Apr 27   74     May 27   296     Jun 27   64
Apr 28   262     May 28   308     Jun 28   222
Apr 29   191     May 29   226     Jun 29   353
Apr 30   208     May 30   103     Jun 30   209
May 31   313
Jul 1    93         Aug 1    111     Sep 1    225
Jul 2   350         Aug 2    45     Sep 2    161
Jul 3   115         Aug 3    261     Sep 3    49
Jul 4    279     Aug 4    145     Sep 4    232
Jul 5    188     Aug 5    54     Sep 5    82
Jul 6    327     Aug 6    114     Sep 6    6
Jul 7    50         Aug 7    168     Sep 7    8
Jul 8    13         Aug 8    48     Sep 8    184
Jul 9    277     Aug 9    106     Sep 9    263
Jul 10   284     Aug 10   21     Sep 10   71
Jul 11   248     Aug 11   324     Sep 11   158
Jul 12   15         Aug 12   142     Sep 12   242
Jul 13   42         Aug 13   307     Sep 13   175
Jul 14   331     Aug 14   198     Sep 14   1
Jul 15   322     Aug 15   102     Sep 15   113
Jul 16   120        Aug 16   44     Sep 16   207
Jul 17   98         Aug 17   154     Sep 17   255
Jul 18   190     Aug 18   141     Sep 18   246
Jul 19   227     Aug 19   311     Sep 19   177
Jul 20   187     Aug 20   344     Sep 20   63
Jul 21   27         Aug 21   291     Sep 21   204
Jul 22   153     Aug 22   339     Sep 22   160
Jul 23   172     Aug 23   116     Sep 23   119
Jul 24   23         Aug 24   36     Sep 24   195
Jul 25   67         Aug 25   286     Sep 25   149
Jul 26   303     Aug 26   245     Sep 26   18
Jul 27   289     Aug 27   352     Sep 27   233
Jul 28   88         Aug 28   167     Sep 28   257
Jul 29   270     Aug 29   61     Sep 29   151
Jul 30   287     Aug 30   333     Sep 30   315
Jul 31   193     Aug 31   11

Oct 1    359     Nov 1    19     Dec 1    129
Oct 2    125     Nov 2    34     Dec 2    328
Oct 3    244     Nov 3    348     Dec 3    157
Oct 4    202     Nov 4    266     Dec 4    165
Oct 5    24         Nov 5    310     Dec 5    56
Oct 6    87         Nov 6    76     Dec 6    10
Oct 7    234     Nov 7    51     Dec 7    12
Oct 8    283     Nov 8    97     Dec 8    105
Oct 9    342     Nov 9    80     Dec 9    43
Oct 10   220     Nov 10   282     Dec 10   41
Oct 11   237     Nov 11   46     Dec 11   39
Oct 12   72     Nov 12   66     Dec 12   314
Oct 13   138     Nov 13   126     Dec 13   163
Oct 14   294     Nov 14   127     Dec 14   26
Oct 15   171     Nov 15   131     Dec 15   320
Oct 16   254     Nov 16   107     Dec 16   96
Oct 17   288     Nov 17   143     Dec 17   304
Oct 18   5         Nov 18   146     Dec 18   128
Oct 19   241     Nov 19   203     Dec 19   240
Oct 20   192     Nov 20   185     Dec 20   135
Oct 21   243     Nov 21   156     Dec 21   70
Oct 22   117     Nov 22   9         Dec 22   53
Oct 23   201     Nov 23   182     Dec 23   162
Oct 24   196     Nov 24   230     Dec 24   95
Oct 25   176     Nov 25   132     Dec 25   84
Oct 26   7         Nov 26   309     Dec 26   173
Oct 27   264     Nov 27   47     Dec 27   78
Oct 28   94     Nov 28   281     Dec 28   123
Oct 29   229     Nov 29   99     Dec 29   16
Oct 30   38     Nov 30   174     Dec 30   3
Oct 31   79                 Dec 31   100